I often find these kinds of lists floating around the net, but they are often not very concise and don't include people from all professions and countries. I have done my best to include some of them I can think of who has had a major impact on our lives and has consequently garnered fame.
Hopefully, I can make this list into one of many . Also, please note there is no ranking system. I have merely added them as I think of them, as opposed to ranking them by fame. My criteria has only one limitation: they must have passed on before 30 years old. Their nationality and reason for being "nationally" famous is irrelevant, as long as they are well known, they are suitable for adding.
A surprising number (in earlier times of course) fell victim to tuberculosis or other now-curable or preventable diseases. Others (roughly 20) were victims of hazardous travel and unsanitary conditions in Rome during sojourns anywhere long time ago.
Of course, there is no shortage of cases where drugs and alcohol were a main cause of early death, playing into the trope of the “tortured artist.” One thing that immediately leaps out is there are far more male artists profiled here than female. its is a fact that we must considered and asked before a judge of them we make. Here the fascinated subject is that all where at the best time of their career, impulse to imbue their subjects and the art they created with abiding honour recognition, and consolation.
Jeanne Hébuterne, age 21 (1889-1920)
You may not be familiar with her name, but Jeanne Hebuterne’s face has graced more than 20 canvases in portraits painted by her lover, Amedeo Modigliani. The young artist met Modigliani—a hedonistic enfant terrible of the art world who was 14 years her senior—while she was studying at the Académie Colarossi in Paris, and was immediately swept into his orbit.
Though her later paintings showed some influence of Modigliani, Jeanne had her own distinct style that was more indebted to Matisse and the Fauves. In a self-portrait that was sold at Christie’s Paris in 2018, Jeanne stares frankly from the canvas at the viewer with a challenging gaze, wearing what appears to be a kimono, lending it the feeling of a boudoir portrait.
With only about 25 paintings to her name, Hebuterne’s story was eclipsed by that of her prolific lover and her life as a mother to his child. In January 1920, Modigliani died of meningitis brought on by his tuberculosis. Less than 48 hours later, Hebuterne, overwhelmed with grief, threw herself from the window of her parents apartment, she was nor more with Modigliani, thought he was poor and ill, Jeanne killing herself and her unborn child.
Jean Michel Basquiat, age 27 (1960-1988)
He is arguably the most famous auction artist and his meteoric rise to fame in the New York art world during the 1980s has been well-documented. Born in Brooklyn, Basquiat was of Haitian and Puerto Rican descent and his rebellious streak saw him take to the streets where he splashed his “SAMO” graffiti tag around prominently before getting noticed by the cognoscenti and given gratis studio space in the gallery of iconic dealer Anina Nosei.
Basquiat was famous in his own short lifetime and even collaborated with fellow art star Andy Warhol. Since his death from a heroin overdose at the age of 27, in April 1988, his work has become ever more popular and sought after. According to the Artnet Price Database, the ten highest works sold at auction each made over $30 million. The highest price ever paid for a Basquiat painting was $110.5 million at Sotheby’s in 2017. Japanese fashion mogul Yusaka Maezawa was the buyer.
Egon Schiele, age 28 (1890-1918)